cancer%20pain
CANCER PAIN
Cancer pain is an unpleasant sensory & emotional experience due to actual or potential tissue damage in patients with cancer.
Effective pain management in cancer patients with pain is an essential part of oncologic management due to increasing evidence of survival.
Pancreatic, head & neck cancer has a high prevalence of cancer pain.
During initial evaluation, follow-ups and new therapy initiation of patients with cancer, it is essential that they will be screened & evaluated for pain.
  1. Ministry of Health Malaysia, Malaysian Association for the Study of Pain, Academy of Medicine Malaysia. Clinical practice guidelines on management of cancer pain. MOH Malaysia. http://www.acadmed.org.my/index. Jul 2010.
  2. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: adult cancer pain version 2.2015. NCCN. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/pain.pdf. 18 May 2015.
  3. Ripamonti CI, Santini D, Maranzano E, et al. Management of cancer pain: ESMO clinical practice guidelines. Annals of Oncology. 2012 Oct;23(Suppl 7):139-154. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds233. PMID: 22997447
  4. World Health Organization. WHO’s cancer pain ladder for adults. WHO. http://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/painladder/en.
  5. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: adult cancer pain. Version 2.2016. NCCN website. https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/pain.pdf. Mar 2016. Accessed 29 Jul 2016.
  6. Bhatnagar S, Gupta M. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for interventional pain management in cancer pain. Indian J Palliat Care. 2015 May;21(2):137-147. doi: 10.4103/0973-1075.156466. PMID: 26009665
  7. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Pain Management Handbook. Malaysia: Ministry of Health Malaysia; 2013. www.moh.gov.my/.
  8. Paice JA, Portenoy R, Lacchetti C, at al. Management of chronic pain in survivors of adult cancers: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Jul. http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2016/07/19/JCO.2016.68.5206.full.pdf. PMID: 27458286
  9. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Adult cancer pain version 2.2017. NCCN. https://www.nccn.org/. June 2017.
  10. Fallon M, Giusti R, Aielli F, et al; ESMO Guidelines Committee. Management of cancer pain in adult patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ann Oncol. 2018 Jul. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdy152. PMID: 30052758
  11. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: adult cancer pain version 1.2018. NCCN. http://www.nccn.org/. 22 Jan 2018.
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