burns%20-%20initial%20management
BURNS - INITIAL MANAGEMENT
Thermal burns are burns due to external heat sources that raises skin and tissue temperature causing tissue cell death or charring. Flame is the most common type of burn. Inhalation injury is found in 30% of victims of major flame burns.
Chemical burns are due to strong acids, alkalis, detergents or solvents coming into contact with the skin. Tissues are damaged by protein coagulation or liquefaction rather than hyperthermic activity.
Electrical burns are due to electrical current or lightning coming in contact with the body.
First degree burns or superficial burns appears similar to sunburn that is painful, dry, swollen, erythematous without blisters and involves only the epidermis.
Second degree burns or partial-thickness burns has appearance of moist blebs, formation of vesicle and blister; underlying tissue is mottled pink and white with good capillary refill; this involves the entire epidermis and a variable portion of the dermal layer.
Third degree burns or full-thickness burns appears dry, leathery eschar, mixed white waxy, khaki, mahogany and soot stained. It involves the entire epidermis and dermis, leaving no residual epidermis cells, may include fat, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscle and bone.
Content not found!
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 30 Jan 2020
Despite being mostly sufficiently active, obese and overweight children with congenital heart disease (CHD) still need to increase physical activity levels, according to a recent study.
10 Feb 2020
Regardless of the type, disordered eating behaviours may lead to a higher body mass index (BMI) in the long run in adolescents, a recent study has shown.
Audrey Abella, 06 Feb 2020
Clinical hypnosis is an acceptable, feasible, and promising complementary therapy in adolescents with Crohn’s disease (CD), according to data presented at Crohn’s and Colitis 2020.
03 Feb 2020
Clinical outcomes are comparable between paediatric patients receiving appropriate (AT) and inappropriate empirical therapy (IAT) for the treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI), reports a study.