burns%20-%20initial%20management
BURNS - INITIAL MANAGEMENT
Thermal burns are burns due to external heat sources that raises skin and tissue temperature causing tissue cell death or charring. Flame is the most common type of burn. Inhalation injury is found in 30% of victims of major flame burns.
Chemical burns are due to strong acids, alkalis, detergents or solvents coming into contact with the skin. Tissues are damaged by protein coagulation or liquefaction rather than hyperthermic activity.
Electrical burns are due to electrical current or lightning coming in contact with the body.
First degree burns or superficial burns appears similar to sunburn that is painful, dry, swollen, erythematous without blisters and involves only the epidermis.
Second degree burns or partial-thickness burns has appearance of moist blebs, formation of vesicle and blister; underlying tissue is mottled pink and white with good capillary refill; this involves the entire epidermis and a variable portion of the dermal layer.
Third degree burns or full-thickness burns appears dry, leathery eschar, mixed white waxy, khaki, mahogany and soot stained. It involves the entire epidermis and dermis, leaving no residual epidermis cells, may include fat, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscle and bone.

Burns - Initial Management Drug Information

Drug Information
Bacitracin-N
bacitracin zinc + neomycin sulfate + polymyxin B s...

Indication: Skin infections caused by susceptible organisms in minor abrasions, burns & cuts.

Indication: Cream: Topical treatment of secondarily infected traumatic lesions eg, small lacerations, sutured wounds or ab...

Bepanthen First Aid
chlorhexidine hydrochloride + dexpanthenol

Indication: Superficial/minor wounds at risk of infection eg, abrasions, small cuts, scratches, fissures, rhagades, mild b...

Indication: 1st & 2nd degree, non-infected burns, superficial & deep dermal wounds; skin donor site, surgical &...

Indication: 1st & 2nd degree, non-infected burns, superficial & deep thermal wounds; skin donor site & traumat...

Indication: 1st & 2nd degree, non-infected burns, superficial & deep dermal wounds; skin donor site & traumati...

Cerederm
silicone + sodium polyacrylate + water

Indication: Treatment & prevention of hypertrophic & keloid scars regardless of origin.

Drapolene
benzalkonium chloride + cetrimide

Indication: Treatment & prevention of diaper rash. Relief of minor burns & wounds.

Indication: Symptomatic relief of mild to moderate pain & fever.

Indication: Skin lesions primarily or secondarily infected w/ Staph or Strep.

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