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BURNS - INITIAL MANAGEMENT
Thermal burns are burns due to external heat sources that raises skin and tissue temperature causing tissue cell death or charring. Flame is the most common type of burn. Inhalation injury is found in 30% of victims of major flame burns.
Chemical burns are due to strong acids, alkalis, detergents or solvents coming into contact with the skin. Tissues are damaged by protein coagulation or liquefaction rather than hyperthermic activity.
Electrical burns are due to electrical current or lightning coming in contact with the body.
First degree burns or superficial burns appears similar to sunburn that is painful, dry, swollen, erythematous without blisters and involves only the epidermis.
Second degree burns or partial-thickness burns has appearance of moist blebs, formation of vesicle and blister; underlying tissue is mottled pink and white with good capillary refill; this involves the entire epidermis and a variable portion of the dermal layer.
Third degree burns or full-thickness burns appears dry, leathery eschar, mixed white waxy, khaki, mahogany and soot stained. It involves the entire epidermis and dermis, leaving no residual epidermis cells, may include fat, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscle and bone.
Drug Information

Indication: Relief of mild to moderate pain & fever.

Indication: Moderate to severe pain.

Actimol Menstrual
pamabrom + paracetamol

Indication: Symptomatic relief of bloating, water-wt gain, backache, muscular aches, pre-menstrual & menstrual discomf...

Indication: Skin infections caused by Staph, Strep & other susceptible or Na fusidate-sensitive organisms.

Indication: Relief of fever & pain eg, headache, toothache, colds, flu, muscular rheumatism, dysmenorrhoea, teething p...

Indication: Relief of painful & febrile conditions eg, headache, migraine, backache, toothache, aches due to cold &...

Bacitracin-N
bacitracin zinc + neomycin sulfate + polymyxin B s...

Indication: Skin infections caused by susceptible organisms in minor abrasions, burns & cuts.

Indication: Cream: Topical treatment of secondarily infected traumatic lesions eg, small lacerations, sutured wounds or ab...

Bepanthen First Aid
chlorhexidine hydrochloride + dexpanthenol

Indication: Superficial/minor wounds at risk of infection eg, abrasions, small cuts, scratches, fissures, rhagades, mild b...

Cerederm
silicone + sodium polyacrylate + water

Indication: Treatment & prevention of hypertrophic & keloid scars regardless of origin.

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