Uncomplicated acute bronchitis is a self-limiting infection of the trachea and bronchi that usually lasts for 1 to 3 weeks. A healthy patient experiences sudden onset of cough, with or without sputum production.
It is an inflammatory response to infections of the bronchial epithelium of the large airways of the lungs that begins with mucosal injury, epithelial cell damage and release of proinflammatory mediators.
There is transient airflow obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
Purulence can result from either bacterial or viral infection.
Traffic-derived materials and tobacco smoke worsen airway diseases including asthma, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, allergic and nonallergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and otitis media, according to a review.
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals.
Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
The immediate reduction of cigarette nicotine content results in greater improvements in levels of smoke exposure biomarkers than gradual reduction, though withdrawal symptoms are stronger, according to a recent study.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a noninvasive ventilation, may help improve respiratory rate and reduce mortality in children with respiratory distress, particularly in those younger than 1 year, a recent study showed. CPAP intervention was initiated by nurses with minimal physician supervision in the study, supporting the use of noninvasive ventilation in low-resource settings where laboratory diagnostic tests are not readily available.