bronchitis%20-%20uncomplicated%20acute
BRONCHITIS - UNCOMPLICATED ACUTE
Uncomplicated acute bronchitis is a self-limiting infection of the trachea and bronchi that usually lasts for 1 to 3 weeks. A healthy patient experiences sudden onset of cough, with or without sputum production.
It is an inflammatory response to infections of the bronchial epithelium of the large airways of the lungs that begins with mucosal injury, epithelial cell damage and release of proinflammatory mediators.
There is transient airflow obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
Purulence can result from either bacterial or viral infection.

Follow Up

  • Though routine follow-up is not usually necessary, it provides an opportunity to check on patient’s response to therapy & compliance to lifestyle modification
  • Consider alternate diagnoses if symptoms worsen
  • Further investigation is recommended if:
    •  Symptoms recur >3x/year
    • If symptoms persist for >1 month
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Elaine Soliven, 20 Apr 2018
The use of high-flow oxygen therapy may reduce the need for escalation of care in infants with bronchiolitis compared with standard oxygen therapy, according to a recent study.