bronchitis%20-%20chronic%20in%20acute%20exacerbation
BRONCHITIS - CHRONIC IN ACUTE EXACERBATION

Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the trachea and bronchi for at least 3 consecutive months for more than 2 consecutive years.
The patient experiences symptoms of increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline on most days.

Diagnosis is basically based on clinical presentation.

Definition

  • Chronic bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis of sputum expectoration on most days during at least 3 consecutive months for ≥2 consecutive years

Signs and Symptoms

  • Symptoms of exacerbation are increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline

Risk Factors for Exacerbations

  • Tracheobronchial infections (eg influenza, streptococcal infection)
  • Environmental exposures (eg air pollution)
  • Noncompliance with inhaled bronchodilator therapy or pulmonary rehabilitation program
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 24 Oct 2019
Using e-cigarettes can lead to cellular inflammation in the lungs among healthy adults who had never smoked, even with use as short as 4 weeks, suggests a pilot study.
24 Feb 2019
Dr Ong Kian Chung, a respiratory specialist at the KC Ong Chest & Medical Clinic, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore spoke on the evils of tobacco use and how clinicians can help in smoking cessation.