bronchitis%20-%20chronic%20in%20acute%20exacerbation
BRONCHITIS - CHRONIC IN ACUTE EXACERBATION

Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the trachea and bronchi for at least 3 consecutive months for more than 2 consecutive years.
The patient experiences symptoms of increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline on most days.

Diagnosis is basically based on clinical presentation.

Definition

  • Chronic bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis of sputum expectoration on most days during at least 3 consecutive months for more than 2 consecutive years

Signs and Symptoms

  • Symptoms of exacerbation are increase in dyspnea, sputum volume & sputum purulence over baseline

Risk Factors

Risk Factors for Exacerbations

  • Tracheobronchial infections (eg influenza, streptococcal infection)
  • Environmental exposures (eg air pollution)
  • Noncompliance with oxygen therapy or pulmonary rehabilitation program
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 08 Jun 2016
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients have more severe illness and a higher mortality rate than non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) patients, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society (ATS) International Conference 2016 held in San Francisco, California, US.
Audrey Abella, 22 May 2017
Fixed-dose combinations of long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) and muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) offered superior efficacy and comparable safety to LAMA or LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), the two most commonly prescribed first-line treatments for stable moderate-to-very-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a meta-analysis.
Rachel Soon, 04 Aug 2017

Investment in health crisis response systems during non-pandemic periods is crucial to combating the next inevitable flu pandemic, according to a government representative.

30 Apr 2016
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 Apr 2016 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.