bronchitis%20-%20chronic%20in%20acute%20exacerbation
BRONCHITIS - CHRONIC IN ACUTE EXACERBATION

Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the trachea and bronchi for at least 3 consecutive months for more than 2 consecutive years.
The patient experiences symptoms of increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline on most days.

Diagnosis is basically based on clinical presentation.

Definition

  • Chronic bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis of sputum expectoration on most days during at least 3 consecutive months for ≥2 consecutive years

Signs and Symptoms

  • Symptoms of exacerbation are increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline

Risk Factors for Exacerbations

  • Tracheobronchial infections (eg influenza, streptococcal infection)
  • Environmental exposures (eg air pollution)
  • Noncompliance with inhaled bronchodilator therapy or pulmonary rehabilitation program
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Audrey Abella, 06 Aug 2019
The guideline-recommended, single-tablet, fixed-dose regimen comprising bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) was noninferior to the dolutegravir and F/TAF (D/F/TAF) regimen in persons living with HIV (PLHIV), according to data presented at IAS 2019.