Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the trachea and bronchi for at least 3 consecutive months for more than 2 consecutive years.
The patient experiences symptoms of increase in dyspnea, sputum volume and sputum purulence over baseline on most days.
Diagnosis is basically based on clinical presentation.
Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.
Implementation of the collaborative care in a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinic has led to improvements in nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (nb-DMARDs) optimization, adherence to safety recommendations on nb-DMARD monitoring and detection of adverse drug events in RA patients, according to a Singapore study.
Supplementation with vitamin D appears to help reduce the serum concentration of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride but not high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, suggesting its usefulness for mitigating the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with hypercholesterolaemia, according to the results of a meta-analysis.