bronchiectasis
BRONCHIECTASIS
Bronchiectasis is an irreversible pathologic dilatation or ectasia of the bronchi due to repeated airway infection and inflammation.
It enhances susceptibility to bronchial infection and increases inflammatory reaction which causes further lung damage.
Classic symptoms of of bronchiectasis are cough with chronic sputum production along with recurring infective exacerbations and hemoptysis.

Supportive Therapy

Specific Therapy for Individual Causes
Hypogammaglobulinemia
  • Administer IV immunoglobulins w/ guidance & supervision from an immunologist
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia
  • More intensive therapy based on the assumption that disease progression is more likely
  • Emphasis on physical therapy
TB, HIV, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sarcoidosis
  • Treat active associated disease
  • Bronchiectasis may precede, accompany or follow the development of associated disease
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)
  • Control of asthma & prevention of damage from acute exacerbations of ABPA
  • Consider maintenance oral corticosteroids
  • Antifungal therapy remains 2nd-line choice, unless there is associated invasive Aspergillosis
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
05 Oct 2018
Majority of users of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) also use other tobacco products, a recent study has shown.
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 02 Oct 2018

The airway microbiota is recently demonstrated to be associated with lung cancer via up-regulation of the ERK, PI3K and IL-17A signalling pathways, according to data presented at the recent European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2018.

05 Nov 2015
Bronchiectasis incidence and prevalence is increasing in the UK according to a population-based cohort study from 2004 to 2013.
30 Jul 2018
Smoking marijuana may lead to cough, sputum production and wheezing, suggests a recent study with low-strength evidence. In addition, there is insufficient evidence supporting the association between marijuana use and obstructive lung disease.