Bronchiectasis is an irreversible pathologic dilatation or ectasia of the bronchi due to repeated airway infection and inflammation.
It enhances susceptibility to bronchial infection and increases inflammatory reaction which causes further lung damage.
Classic symptoms of of bronchiectasis are cough with chronic sputum production along with recurring infective exacerbations and hemoptysis.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) are among respiratory conditions associated with an increased risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes, a recent study showed. However, the impact of respiratory disease on COVID-19 risk may not be as alarming as initially thought.
Suppressing neutrophil serine protease activity with brensocatib appears to benefit patients with bronchiectasis, yielding improvements in clinical outcomes, according to the results of a phase II study.
Treatment with the DPP 1* inhibitor brensocatib prolonged time to exacerbation and reduced exacerbation rates in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, according to the phase II WILLOW** study presented at ERS 2020.
Oral amoxicillin–clavulanate effectively promotes resolution of nonsevere acute exacerbations in children with non-cystic
fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, thus confirming the role of amoxicillin–clavulanate as first-line treatment for bronchiectasis, according to results from the three-arm BEST-1 study.