Bronchiectasis is an irreversible pathologic dilatation or ectasia of the bronchi due to repeated airway infection and inflammation.
It enhances susceptibility to bronchial infection and increases inflammatory reaction which causes further lung damage.
Classic symptoms of of bronchiectasis are cough with chronic sputum production along with recurring infective exacerbations and hemoptysis.
Most health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires used in bronchiectasis have good psychometric properties, according to a study. Additionally, the weak to moderate association between HRQOL and objective outcome measures suggests that HRQOL questionnaires assess a unique aspect of health not captured by objective measures.
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There are various ear, nose, and throat (ENT) conditions which present to the GP’s clinic. Dr Jason Hwang, an ENT Consultant from the Department of Otolaryngology at Gleneagles Hospital in Singapore, speaks on how the majority of the conditions can be effectively managed at the primary care level seeing that these can be treated medically without the need for surgical intervention.