Breast cancer is the presence of malignant breast nodule, mass or abscess.
Most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass in the
breast. The lump or mass is usually painless, hard & irregular but
it can also be tender, soft, rounded or painful.
Other signs & symptoms include breast pain or nipple pain, nipple
discharge, nipple retraction and presence of breast skin changes (eg
peau d' orange, nipple excoriation, scaling, inflammation, skin
tethering, ulceration, abscess).
The VEGFR1-3, FGFR1-3 and PDGFRα/β inhibitor lucitanib shows modest antitumour activity and significant hypertension-related toxicity in patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer, according to data from the phase II FINESSE study. Interestingly, the drug appears to confer greater benefits to patients with high FGFR1 expression.
The reduced incidence of breast cancer with 5-year prophylaxis with the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole among women at high risk of the disease persists even after anastrozole cessation, suggests long-term results of the IBIS-II* trial presented at SABCS 2019.
The addition of tucatinib to a trastuzumab-capecitabine regimen improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC) previously treated with multiple HER2-targeted agents, according to the HER2CLIMB* study presented at SABCS** 2019. Additionally, this improved PFS was also noted in patients with brain metastases.
Adding the oral HER2-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) tucatinib to trastuzumab-capecitabine combination therapy significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with heavily pretreated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, including those with brain metastases, results of the HER2CLIMB trial have shown.
Patients undergoing chemotherapy for breast or haematological cancers could potentially reduce their risk of chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity with the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), or beta-blockers as primary prevention, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis presented at the recent EuroEcho 2019 conference.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
The trastuzumab biosimilar HLX02 was equivalent to the reference trastuzumab in terms of overall response rate (ORR) in women with HER2*-positive (HER2+) breast cancer, along with similar safety profile, reveals a study presented at ESMO Asia 2019.
The combination of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole plus the Src kinase inhibitor dasatinib appears to be well tolerated and effective, with a clinical benefit rate of 71 percent in a cohort of postmenopausal patients with ER-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer, according to the results of a noncomparative phase II trial.
Childhood cancer survivors who were treated with radiotherapy and anthracyclines may have an elevated risk of developing subsequent breast cancer, according to an analysis of patients in the North American Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 November 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Transitioning from bortezomib- to ixazomib-based induction is feasible, tolerable and effective in the treatment of community patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), according to a study presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH 2019).
Research on the role of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) gains momentum, as a new study finds ctDNA assessment promising in the monitoring and prognosis of mCRPC and in identifying new therapeutic targets for the disease.
At the recent National Haematology Expert Meeting 2019, a panel of experts was convened to discuss the role of targeted therapy in the management of haematological malignancies. Highlights of their lectures are summarised below.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and oxaliplatin (SOX) may be a suitable treatment measure for patients with advanced gastric or esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma, according to the RESONANCE* trial presented at ASCO GI 2020.