Breast cancer is the presence of malignant breast nodule, mass or abscess.
Most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass in the
breast. The lump or mass is usually painless, hard & irregular but
it can also be tender, soft, rounded or painful.
Other signs & symptoms include breast pain or nipple pain, nipple
discharge, nipple retraction and presence of breast skin changes (eg
peau d' orange, nipple excoriation, scaling, inflammation, skin
tethering, ulceration, abscess).
Annual breast cancer screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) led to detection of fewer late-stage and node-positive cancers than annual mammography, according to the FaMRIsc* study from the Netherlands. However, specificity was lower and number of false-positives higher with MRI vs mammography.
The addition of the CDK* 4/6 inhibitor ribociclib to endocrine therapy significantly extended overall survival (OS) in premenopausal women with HR+ HER2- advanced breast cancer, as evidenced in the phase III MONALEESA-7** trial.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 31 May 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Omitting first-line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic HER2+ breast cancer treated with pertuzumab plus trastuzumab did not affect overall survival (OS) despite shorter progression-free survival (PFS), according to updated results of the phase II PERNETTA* trial.
Adding the selective oestrogen-receptor downregulator fulvestrant to the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole in the first-line setting significantly extends long-term progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with anastrozole alone in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer, according to the final results of the S0226 trial.
Early administration of recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) can lower the incidence of reperfusion injury for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment, according to a China study.
Intraoperative methylprednisolone does not appear to significantly prevent the incidence of death, cardiac arrest and other injuries in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, according to a recent study.
Systolic blood pressure appears to have a strong association with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) but not with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), whereas current smoking and female sex are risk factors for both conditions, a study has found.