Bradycardia is having a heart rate of <60 beats/minute that may not affect the hemodynamic status of some patients.
A heart rate that is
inadequate for the patient's current condition and may not be able to
support life is a clinically significant bradycardia.
Bradycardia can be caused by problems in the sinoatrial node, problems in the conduction pathways of the heart, metabolic problems or heart attack/disease that caused damage to the heart.
The different types of bradycardia are sinus bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome, hypersensitive carotid sinus syndrome, sinus pause/arrest, sinoatrial node exit block and atrioventricular block.
Intravenous vasodilator therapy confers survival benefits and superior diuretic response in patients with acute heart failure (AHF), provided that systolic (SBP) reduction is <25 percent, according to a posthoc analysis.
In patients with uncontrolled blood pressure and severe hypertension, microvascular dysfunction is more pronounced and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and endothelin levels are elevated, a recent study has found.