Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a histopathological diagnosis characterized by epithelial cell & smooth muscle cell proliferation in the transition zone of the prostate leading to a non-malignant enlargement of the gland, which may result in lower urinary tract symptoms, including voiding and storage symptoms.
It is commonly called enlarged prostate.
The exact cause of BPH is still not well understood.
Benign%20prostatic%20hyperplasia Signs and Symptoms
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a histopathological diagnosis characterized by epithelial cell and smooth muscle proliferation in the transition zone of the prostate leading to a non-malignant enlargement of the gland, which may result in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including voiding and storage symptoms
Common disease of aging men; can be asymptomatic
Two phases where prostate doubles its size:
25 years old and beyond
The exact cause of BPH is still not well understood
May be due to male androgenic steroid hormones or age-related increases in sympathetic tone
Signs and Symptoms
Dribbling at the end of urination
Pain after ejaculation or urination
Weak or interrupted urine stream
Straining or trouble starting a urine stream
Urine with unusual smell or color
Age ≥40 years old
Family history of BPH
Medical conditions such as obesity, heart and circulatory disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)
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