attention%20deficit_hyperactivity%20disorder
ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the presence of impairing levels of inattention, disorganization and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity.
Symptoms that suggest ADHD include hyperactivity, acting without thinking, inattention/daydreaming, fidgety, restless, excessive talking, aggressive behavior, academic underachievement, disorganized and has difficulty in completing tasks.

Introduction

  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that is marked by a pattern of inactivity, hyperactivity and impulsivity that affects the functioning and development of a child
  • ADHD is frequently present along with  ≥1 of the following associated conditions:
    • Learning disabilities (eg cognitive impairment, specific learning disorder, motor coordination problem, memory or auditory discriminatory problems)
    • Speech and/or language delays
    • Anxiety disorder
    • Mania-bipolar disorder
    • Autistic disorder
    • Conduct disorder
    • Depression
    • Psychosis
    • Oppositional defiant disorder
    • Family and/or social problems
    • Other medical problems (eg iron deficiency, lead toxicity, Tourette’s syndrome, tics, sleep apnea)

Signs and Symptoms

  • Hyperactivity
  • Acting without thinking
  • Inattention/daydreaming
  • Fidgety, restless
  • Difficulty in completing task
  • Excessive talking
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Academic underachievement
  • Disorganized
  • Impulsive behavior
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Psychiatry - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 26 Feb 2019

A recent meta-analysis showed that cannabis consumption in adolescence is associated with an increased risk of developing major depression, suicidality, and suicidal ideation in young adulthood.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Feb 2019

Long hours spent on social media may increase the risk of depression in teenagers, with a particularly strong effect in girls, according to results of the UK Millennium Cohort Study.

06 Feb 2019
The severity, patterns over time and predictors of anxiety in children and adolescents undergoing chemotherapy or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) change with different instruments used, a new study has found.