attention%20deficit_hyperactivity%20disorder
ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the presence of impairing levels of inattention, disorganization and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity.
Symptoms that suggest ADHD include hyperactivity, acting without thinking, inattention/daydreaming, fidgety, restless, excessive talking, aggressive behavior, academic underachievement, disorganized and has difficulty in completing tasks.

Introduction

  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that is marked by a pattern of inactivity, hyperactivity and impulsivity that affects the functioning and development of a child
  • ADHD is frequently present along with  ≥1 of the following associated conditions:
    • Learning disabilities (eg cognitive impairment, specific learning disorder, motor coordination problem, memory or auditory discriminatory problems)
    • Speech and/or language delays
    • Anxiety disorder
    • Mania-bipolar disorder
    • Autistic disorder
    • Conduct disorder
    • Depression
    • Psychosis
    • Oppositional defiant disorder
    • Family and/or social problems
    • Other medical problems (eg iron deficiency, lead toxicity, Tourette’s syndrome, tics, sleep apnea)

Signs and Symptoms

  • Hyperactivity
  • Acting without thinking
  • Inattention/daydreaming
  • Fidgety, restless
  • Difficulty in completing task
  • Excessive talking
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Academic underachievement
  • Disorganized
  • Impulsive behavior
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Psychiatry - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
29 Nov 2019
Metformin Extended Release 500 mg,750 mg, and 1000 mg
4 days ago
Men who undergo flexible cystoscopy, particularly with a longer dwell time, may benefit from intraurethral lidocaine as it provides significant pain reduction, suggest the results of a meta-analysis. Evidence is lacking for other tested interventions.
Pearl Toh, 4 days ago
Getting just under one extra hour of sleep per night can go a long way for the health of college students, who are often sleep-deprived, a study suggests.
3 days ago
While douching is not associated with the risk of ovarian cancer, the combination of talc and commercially available douches contributes to a modest increase in the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer beyond that conferred by talc use alone, as shown in a recent study.