Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is a chronic, relapsing, familial, symmetric and pruritic inflammatory skin disease that commonly presents during early infancy and childhood, but can persist or start in adulthood.
It is commonly associated with elevated serum immunoglobulin E levels and a personal or family history of allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma.
It is one of the most common skin diseases afflicting both children and adults.
Acidity of the skin appears to be significantly higher in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients than in controls without the condition, indicating that increased skin pH may heighten the risk of developing AD, according to a study.
Most clinical guidelines recommend daily bathing in lukewarm water, followed by the application of moisturizers, in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD), according to an expert who presented at the 23rd Asian-Australasian Regional Conference of Dermatology (RCD 2018) held in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Although many patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) use antihistamines, no high-level evidence exists to prove that nonsedating antihistamines reduce itch in patients with AD or provide benefit in controlling AD symptoms, except perhaps sleep and AD comorbidities such as allergic rhinitis, according to a study.
Lebrikizumab, an interleukin (IL)-13 monoclonal antibody, taken every 4 weeks and in combination with topical corticosteroid (TCS) is safe and effective in patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), results from a phase II study have shown.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) in adults is associated with an increased risk of death, a recent study has found. Furthermore, AD patients have a slightly elevated risk of death from cardiovascular, urogenital and infectious diseases, but the absolute risk is very low.
Daily doses of the probiotic strains Bifidobacterium lactis CECT 8145, Bifidobacterium longum CECT 7347, and Lactobacillus casei CECT 9104 may reduce the SCORAD* index and need for topical steroids in children with moderate atopic dermatitis, according to a small study from Spain.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that
can present in many different forms. However, it is principally
characterized by dry skin, intense itching, and the presence of
inflammatory skin lesions. [J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
2016;30:604-618; N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494; Lancet
Routinely used for treating cardiovascular diseases, statins have been shown to benefit other conditions, and new evidence suggests that using the drug at high intensity reduces the risk of hip or knee replacement, an effect that may be specific to rheumatoid arthritis.
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
Upadacitinib may be a suitable treatment for patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who have insufficient response to non-biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (non-bDMARDs), according to results of the phase III SELECT-PsA-1* trial presented at EULAR 2020.