atopic%20dermatitis
ATOPIC DERMATITIS
Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is a chronic, relapsing, familial, symmetric and pruritic inflammatory skin disease that commonly presents during early infancy and childhood, but can persist or start in adulthood.
It is commonly associated with elevated serum immunoglobulin E levels and a personal or family history of allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma.
It is one of the most common skin diseases afflicting both children and adults.

Prevention

  • Identification and elimination of triggering factors are the mainstay for prevention of flares as well as for the long-term treatment of atopic dermatitis
  • Breastfeeding or feeding with hypoallergenic hydrolyzed formula milk was shown to be beneficial
    • If the patient with atopic dermatitis is also diagnosed with food allergy, the mother should be advised to eliminate all identified food allergen from her diet
  • Probiotics may also reduce the incidence or severity of atopic dermatitis, however, more studies are needed to prove this benefit
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21 Jul 2018
Although many patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) use antihistamines, no high-level evidence exists to prove that nonsedating antihistamines reduce itch in patients with AD or provide benefit in controlling AD symptoms, except perhaps sleep and AD comorbidities such as allergic rhinitis, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 15 May 2018
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L-carnitine supplementation appears to have favourable effects on biomarkers of oxidative stress, antioxidant capacity and lipid profile in patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), a study reports.
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