Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is a chronic, relapsing, familial, symmetric and pruritic inflammatory skin disease that commonly presents during early infancy and childhood, but can persist or start in adulthood.
It is commonly associated with elevated serum immunoglobulin E levels and a personal or family history of allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma.
It is one of the most common skin diseases afflicting both children and adults.

Differential Diagnosis

  • Other conditions can mimic atopic dermatitis and thus have to be ruled out:
    • Contact dermatitis
    • Ichthyosis
    • Dermatitis herpetiformis
    • Cutaneous lymphoma
    • Mycosis fungoides
    • Primary immunodeficiency
    • Psoriasis
    • Scabies
    • Seborrheic dermatitis
    • Collagen diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis)
    • Netherton syndrome 
Editor's Recommendations
Special Reports