atopic%20dermatitis%20(pediatric)
ATOPIC DERMATITIS (PEDIATRIC)
Atopic dermatitis is a familial, chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease characterized by intense itching, dry skin, with inflammation and exudation that commonly presents during early infancy and childhood, but can persist or start in adulthood.
It is also referred to as atopic eczema.
It is one of the most common skin diseases afflicting both adults and children.
  1. Akdis CA, Akdis M, Bieber T, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults: European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology/American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology/PRACTALL Consensus Report. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Jul;118(1):152-169. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.03.045. PMID: 16815151
  2. Buys LM. Treatment options for atopic dermatitis. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Feb;75(4):523-528. http://www.aafp.org/. PMID: 17323714
  3. Ellis C, Luger T, Abeck D, et al. International consensus conference on atopic dermatitis II (ICCAD II): clinical update and current treatment strategies. Br J Dermatol. 2003 May;148(Suppl Suppl 63):3-10. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2133.148.s63.1.x. PMID: 12694268
  4. Francisco RR. Atopic dermatitis in children. Skin forum: the newsletter in dermatology. 2007(19):5-8
  5. Hanifin JM, Cooper KD, Ho VC, et al. Guidelines of care for atopic dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004 Mar;50(3):391-404. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2003.08.003. PMID: 14988682
  6. Leung DY, Niklas RA, Li JT, et al. Disease management of atopic dermatitis: an updated practice parameter. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Sep;93(3)(Suppl 2):S1-S21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=15478395. PMID: 15478395
  7. Ring J, Alomar A, Bieber T, et al; European Dermatology Forum (EDF); European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV); European Federation of Allergy (EFA); European Task Force on Atopic Dermatitis (ETFAD); European Society of Pediatric Dermatology (ESPD); Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN). Guidelines for treatment of atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) part I. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012 Aug;26(8):1045-1060. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04635.x. Accessed 16 Jul 2013. PMID: 22805051
  8. Ring J, Alomar A, Bieber T, et al; European Dermatology Forum; European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology; European Task Force on Atopic Dermatitis; European Federation of Allergy; European Society of Pediatric Dermatology; Global Allergy and Asthma European Network. Guidelines for treatment of atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) Part II. Jul 19, 2012. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012 Sep;26(9):1176-1193. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04636.x. Accessed 16 Jul 2013. PMID: 22813359
  9. Rubel D, Thirumoorthy T, Soebaryo RW, et al; Asia-Pacific Consensus Group for Atopic Dermatitis. Consensus guidelines for the management of atopic dermatitis: an Asia- Pacific perspective. J Dermatol. 2013;40(3):160-171. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.12065. PMID: 23289827
  10. Thiele JJ, Ekanayake-Mudiyanselage S. Vitamin E in human skin: organ-specific physiology and considerations for its use in dermatology. Mol Aspects Med. 2007 Oct;28(5-6):646-667. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2007.06.001. PMID: 17719081
  11. Habif TP. Clinical dermatology: A color guide to diagnosis and therapy. 4th ed. Pennsylvania: Mosby, Elsevier; 2004
  12. Chamlin SL. Atopic dermatitis. In: Rakel RE, Bope ET. Conn's Current Therapy. 60th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier; 2008
  13. Ferri FF. Atopic dermatitis. Ferri’s clinical advisor: instant diagnosis and treatment. 1st. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, Elsevier; 2008.
  14. Shaw JC. Dermatitis and eczema. In: Noble J, Greene HL, Levinson W, et al. Textbook of primary care medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Mosby, Inc; 2001
  15. Leung DYM. Atopic Dermatitis (Atopic eczema). In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme JW III, et al, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier; 2011
  16. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Allergy-%26-Immunology/3/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Allergy-Immunology.xml
  17. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Dermatology/12/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Dermatology.xml
  18. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  19. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Atopic eczema in children: management of atopic eczema in children from birth up to the age of 12 years. NICE. http://www.nice.org.uk/. Dec 2007. Accessed 16 Jul 2013.
  20. Krafchik BR. Atopic dermatitis. eMedicine. http://www.emedicine.com/derm/topic38.htm. Accessed 07 Apr 2006
  21. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Management of atopic eczema in primary care. A national clinical guideline. SIGN. http://www.guideline.gov. Mar 2011.
  22. Hanifin JM. Atopic dermatitis in infants and children. Pediatr Clin North AM. 1991 Aug;38(4):763-789. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1870905. PMID: 1870905
  23. Kircik LH. Efficacy and tolerability of retapamulin 1% ointment for the treatment of infected atopic dermatitis: a pilot study. J Drugs Dermatol. 2012 Jul;11(7):858-860. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22777229. PMID: 22777229
  24. Eichenfield LF, Tom WL, Chamlin SL, et al. Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: section 1. Diagnosis and assessment of atopic dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Feb;70(2):338-351. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2013.10.010. Accessed 31 Aug 2016. PMID: 24290431
  25. Eichenfield LF, Tom WL, Berger TG, et al. Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: section 2. Management and treatment of atopic dermatitis with topical therapies. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Jul;71(1):116-132. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.03.023. Accessed 31 Aug 2016. PMID: 24813302
  26. Sidbury R, Davis DM, Cohen DE, Cordoro KM, Berger TG, Bergman JN, et al. Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: section 3. Management and treatment with phototherapy and systemic agents. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Aug;71(2):327-349. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.03.030. Accessed 19 Oct 2016. PMID: 24813298
  27. Sidbury R, Tom WL, Bergman JN, Cooper KD, Silverman RA, Berger TG, et al. Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: Section 4. Prevention of disease flares and use of adjunctive therapies and approaches. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Dec;71(6):1218-1233. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.08.038. PMID: 25264237
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
6 days ago

Dr Michael Lim, a senior consultant at the Paediatric Pulmonary and Sleep Division, National University Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the rare disease that is cystic fibrosis.

4 days ago
Susceptibility‐guided therapy is as effective as empiric modified bismuth quadruple therapy for the first-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, with both yielding excellent eradication rates, as shown in a recent trial.
6 days ago
It appears that long-term consumption of fish and omega-3 fatty acid does not influence the risk of incident hypertension in middle-aged and older men, suggests a US study.
2 days ago
Cabozantinib is not better than mitoxantrone-prednisone at relieving pain in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with symptomatic bone metastasis, a recent study suggests.