asthma%20(pediatric)
ASTHMA (PEDIATRIC)

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in the lungs of children and adults.
The patient usually complains of shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing with wheezing.

A diagnosis of asthma in young children is more likely if they have symptom patterns, presence of risk factors for development of asthma and therapeutic response to controller treatment.
Goals of treatment are effective symptom control with minimal or no exacerbations, minimal or no nocturnal and daytime symptoms, no limitations on activities, minimal or no need for reliever treatment, and minimal adverse effects of medication.

Introduction

  • A heterogeneous disease with chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways
  • The most common chronic disease in pediatric age groups that causes significant morbidity 
  • Characterized by history of respiratory symptoms (eg wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness & cough) that vary over time & in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation
  • Symptoms occur with exercise, laughing or crying in the absence of an apparent respiratory infection

Signs and Symptoms

Recurrent episodes

  • Wheezing
  • Breathlessness
  • Heavy breathing
  • Cough that is recurrent or persistent non-productive that may be worse at night
  • Chest tightness
  • Reduced activity
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
29 Nov 2018
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with underlying risk factors in children with congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) treated with diazoxide, reports a study. Other adverse events, however, do not show any identifiable risk profile.
18 Jan 2019
Azithromycin treatment in children with recurrent asthma-like symptoms acutely disrupts gut microbiota composition, a recent study has found.