asthma%20(pediatric)
ASTHMA (PEDIATRIC)

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in the lungs of children and adults.
The patient usually complains of shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing with wheezing.

A diagnosis of asthma in young children is more likely if they have symptom patterns, presence of risk factors for development of asthma and therapeutic response to controller treatment.
Goals of treatment are effective symptom control with minimal or no exacerbations, minimal or no nocturnal and daytime symptoms, no limitations on activities, minimal or no need for reliever treatment, and minimal adverse effects of medication.

Introduction

  • A heterogeneous disease with chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways
  • The most common chronic disease in pediatric age groups that causes significant morbidity 
  • Characterized by history of respiratory symptoms (eg wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness & cough) that vary over time & in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation
  • Symptoms occur with exercise, laughing or crying in the absence of an apparent respiratory infection

Signs and Symptoms

Recurrent episodes

  • Wheezing
  • Breathlessness
  • Heavy breathing
  • Cough that is recurrent or persistent non-productive that may be worse at night
  • Chest tightness
  • Reduced activity
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
24 Oct 2018
Antibiotics has been administered unnecessarily to as many as one-third of children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in hospitals in the Netherlands and Israel, according to a prospective international multicentre RSV study using an expert panel as reference standard to identify children with and without bacterial coinfection.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 24 Oct 2018
A 12-item prognostic tool touts good predictive ability for identifying adolescents likely to initiate smoking over a 1-year period, as reported in a recent study from Canada.
02 Dec 2018
Antibiotic therapy in preterm, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants within the first 14 postnatal days increases the risk of subsequent late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death, a recent study has shown.
01 Dec 2018
In children, the incidence rate of hyponatraemia differs according to the respiratory tract infection and the invading microorganism, a recent study has shown.