asthma%20(pediatric)
ASTHMA (PEDIATRIC)

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in the lungs of children and adults.
The patient usually complains of shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing with wheezing.

A diagnosis of asthma in young children is more likely if they have symptom patterns, presence of risk factors for development of asthma and therapeutic response to controller treatment.
Goals of treatment are effective symptom control with minimal or no exacerbations, minimal or no nocturnal and daytime symptoms, no limitations on activities, minimal or no need for reliever treatment, and minimal adverse effects of medication.

  1. Bacharier LB, Boner A, Carlsen KH, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of asthma in childhood: a PRACTALL consensus report. Allergy. 2008 Jan;63(1):005-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01586.x. Accessed 30 Jul 2010. PMID: 18053013
  2. Moss MH, Gern JE, Lemanske Jr RF. Asthma in infancy and childhood. In: Adkinson NF, Bochner BS, Busse WW, et al. Middleton's allergy principles & practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Inc; 2003
  3. Liu Ah, Covar RA, Spahn JD, et al. Childhood asthma. In: Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier; 2007
  4. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Allergy-%26-Immunology/3/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Allergy-Immunology.xml
  5. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  6. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Respiratory-Medicine/40/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Respiratory-Medicine.xml
  7. British Thoracic Society, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. British guideline on the management of asthma: a national clinical guideline. SIGN. http://www.sign.ac.uk/. Jun 2009. Accessed 29 Jul 2010.
  8. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP). Expert panel report 3: guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Aug 2007. Accessed 29 Jul 2010.
  9. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Updated 2009. GINA website. http://www.ginasthma.com. 2009. Accessed 29 Jul 2010.
  10. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. GINA. http://www.ginasthma.org. Dec 2012. Accessed 19 Feb 2013.
  11. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. GINA. http://www.ginasthma.org/. 2010.
  12. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for the diagnosis & management of asthma in children 5 years and younger. GINA. http://www.ginasthma.org/. 2009. Accessed 10 Aug 2010.
  13. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Diagnosis and management of asthma. http://www.icsi.org. Jul 2012.
  14. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). http://www.ginasthma.org/. 2014.
  15. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Updated 2015. GINA website. http://www. ginasthma.org/. 2015. Accessed 29 Apr 2015.
  16. Canadian Medical Association. Diagnosis of asthma. Can Med Assoc J. 2005 Sep;173(Suppl 6):S15-S19. http://www.cmaj.ca/.
  17. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Updated 2016. GINA website. http://ginasthma.org/. 2016. Accessed 20 Jul 2016.
  18. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Updated 2017. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). http://ginasthma.org/. 2017. Accessed 24 Feb 2017.
  19. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global strategy for asthma management and prevention: Updated 2018. GINA website. http://ginasthma.org/. 2018.
  20. Liu AH, Covar RA, Spahn JD, Sicherer SH. Childhood asthma. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Inc; 2016.
  21. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Difficult-to-treat and severe asthma in adolescent and adult patients: Diagnosis and management. A GINA pocket guide for health professionals. GINA website. http://ginasthma.org/. Nov 2018.
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