Antiretroviral therapy is recommended for all HIV-infected individuals regardless of CD4 count to decrease morbidity and mortality associated with HIV infection.
Goals of antiretroviral treatment are suppression of viral load for maximum possible duration, restore & preserve immunologic function, reduce HIV-related morbidity & mortality and prevent HIV transmission.
Urgent initiation of antiretroviral treatment is recommended in the following individuals: pregnant women, patients w/ HIV with coinfections (HBV, HCV, active tuberculosis), AIDS-defining illness, HIV-associated nephropathy, low CD4 counts, acute opportunistic infections and HIV HBV with evidence of chronic liver disease.
Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Switching to a dual therapy of dolutegravir/lamivudine (DTG/3TC) was noninferior to continuing on a TAF*-based regimen in maintaining virologic suppression over 96 weeks in virally suppressed adults with HIV-1, according to the long-term data from TANGO presented at the 2020 HIV Glasgow Congress.
The once-daily single-tablet combination therapy comprising darunavir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (D/C/F/TAF) yields high virologic response rates over 96 weeks in patients with HIV-1, regardless of the presence of neurologic and/or psychiatric comorbidities (NPCs), a subgroup analysis presented at the AIDS 2020 virtual conference has shown.
Switching to a single-tablet triple-drug combination comprising bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) is well tolerated while continuing to provide virologic suppression through to 48 weeks in elderly people (aged ≥65 years) living with HIV (PLWH), shows a pooled analysis presented at the AIDS 2020 virtual conference.
The benefit of using dolutegravir for HIV treatment in pregnant women outweighs the risk. This is the message delivered by two studies presented at the 23rd International AIDS Conference, which have shown that the drug induces rapid viral suppression and brings a slight but nonsignificant risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) compared with other antiretrovirals.
Current three-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens have proven to be highly effective, and the use of the relatively inexpensive rilpivirine (RPV) appears to have considerably better tolerability profile than efavirenz or protease inhibitors in regimens containing abacavir plus lamivudine (ABC/3TC) for treatment-naïve patients, offering a good, less costly approach to suppressing HIV, as shown in a Singapore study.
The combination of dolutegravir (DTG)/emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) has superior virologic efficacy and safety compared with an efavirenz (EFV)/FTC/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) combination in pregnant women living with HIV (WLHIV), results of the IMPAACT 2010/VESTED* trial showed.
The second HIV patient to successfully undergo stem cell transplantation is still in remission, a good 30 months after stopping antiretroviral therapy (ART) — raising hope that curing HIV is a possibility.
Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.