anemia%20-%20iron-deficiency
ANEMIA - IRON-DEFICIENCY
Anemia is a condition wherein the blood has low levels of red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying pigment in whole blood) and/or hematocrit (intact RBC in blood) making it insufficient to address the physiologic needs of the body.
Iron-deficiency anemia is the anemia that resulted from inadequate iron supplementation or excessive blood loss.
It is the most common nutritional disorder worldwide and accounts for more than half of anemia cases.
It is prevalent among preschool children and pregnant women.

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  4. Schrier SL. Approach to the adult patient with anemia. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com. 13 Nov 2014.
  5. Schrier SL. Causes and diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in the adult. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com. 20 Aug 2014.
  6. Short WM, Domagalski JE. Iron deficiency anemia: evaluation and management. AmFam Physician. 2013;87(2):98-104. http://www.aafp.org. Accessed 24 Nov 2014
  7. Bailie GR, Verhoef JJ. Differences in the reporting rates of serious allergic adverse events from intravenous iron by country and population. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2012 Feb;10(2):101-108. PMID: 22402351
  8. Camaschella C. Iron-deficiency anemia. N Engl J Med. 2015 May;372(19):1832-1843. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1401038. PMID: 25946282
  9. National Blood Authority of Australia. Single unit transfusion guide summary: guidance for Australian health providers. http://www.blood.gov.au. Jun 2014. Accessed 16 Jun 2015.
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  14. National Institutes of Health. Iron – dietary supplement fact sheet. https://ods.od.nih.gov. 2015.
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  18. World Health Organization. WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. WHO. http://apps.who.int. Nov 2016. Accessed 15 Feb 2017.
  19. Auerbach M, Adamson JW. How we diagnose and treat iron deficiency anemia. Am J Hematol. 2016 Jan;91(1):31-38. doi: 10.1002/ajh.24201. Accessed 25 Apr 2017. PMID: 26408108
  20. Ford J. Red blood cell morphology. Int J Lab Hematol. 2013 Mar 09;35(3):351-357. doi: 10.1111/ijlh.12082.
  21. World Health Organization. Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity. Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System. Geneva, World Health Organization. (WHO/NMH/NHD/MNM/11.1). WHO. http://apps.who.int. 2011.
  22. Toward Optimized Practice Iron Deficiency Anemia Committee. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) clinical practice guideline. Toward Optimized Practice (TOP). http://www.topalbertadoctors.org. Mar 2018.
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