Anemia is a condition wherein the blood has low levels of red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying pigment in whole blood) and/or hematocrit (intact RBC in blood) making it insufficient to address the physiologic needs of the body.
Iron-deficiency anemia is the anemia that resulted from inadequate iron supplementation or excessive blood loss.
It is the most common nutritional disorder worldwide and accounts for more than half of anemia cases.
It is prevalent among preschool children and pregnant women.
There appears to be little benefit to doubling the dose of elemental iron in pregnant women with iron-deficiency anaemia, with a recent study showing that a double dose does not increase haemoglobin and ferritin concentrations to a greater degree compared with a single dose, according to a study.
Cannabis use during pregnancy increases the risk of maternal anaemia, and causes several adverse outcomes in infants like low birth weight (LBW), and increased neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions, show findings of a systematic review and meta-analysis.