Alopecia is an involuntary loss of hair usually in the scalp that may occur anywhere over the body.
Scarring alopecia is severe inflammation of the hair follicle result in irreversible damage.
Non-scarring alopecias are reversible.
Alopecia may be abrupt or gradual in onset.
Most common causes include androgenic alopecia (male & female pattern baldness) & alopecia areata.
History should be reviewed for medications, severe diet restriction, vitamin A supplementation, thyroid symptoms, concomitant illness & stress factor.
Use of low-dose oral minoxidil is safe and effective in the treatment of androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata, in addition to demonstrating a big advantage over the topical formulation in terms of convenience and patient compliance, as reported in a systematic review.
Topical immunotherapy with squaric acid dibutylester appears to be effective in the treatment of alopecia areata, according to a study, lending support to current treatment guidelines recommending the use of topical immunotherapies.
Treatment with cyclosporine results in improvements, albeit statistically nonsignificant, in the Severity of Alopecia Tool score and eyelash and eyebrow assessment scales among patients with moderate-to-severe alopecia areata (AA), a recent study has shown.
Diaper rash or perianal dermatitis is a common condition among young infants. It is a form of skin inflammation characterized by red and tender-looking skin in the diaper region—encompassing the buttocks, thighs and genitals.