Alopecia is an involuntary loss of hair usually in the scalp that may occur anywhere over the body.
Scarring alopecia is severe inflammation of the hair follicle result in irreversible damage.
Non-scarring alopecias are reversible.
Alopecia may be abrupt or gradual in onset.
Most common causes include androgenic alopecia (male & female pattern baldness) & alopecia areata.
History should be reviewed for medications, severe diet restriction, vitamin A supplementation, thyroid symptoms, concomitant illness & stress factor.
Antinuclear antibody (ANA) negativity appears to increase the likelihood of developing malignancy in patients with adult-onset dermatomyositis (DM) within 3 years of diagnosis of their DM, according to a recent study.
Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy may lead to various inflammatory reactions with differing degrees of severity, suggests a recent study. Most rashes respond to topical treatment, but immunotherapy is often interrupted by immunobullous and exfoliative presentations.