alcoholic%20liver%20disease
ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE
Alcoholic liver disease diagnosis is suggested by an established history of habitual alcohol intake of sufficient length and intensity.
Toxic daily threshold of alcohol consumption is 40-80 g for males and 20-40 g for females for 10-12 years.
Signs of alcohol abuse and hepatic injury include malnutrition and muscle wasting, cutaneous telangiectasia, palmar erythema, finger clubbing, Dupuytren's contracture, peripheral neuropathy, parotid gland enlargement and signs of gynecomastia and hypogonadism may also be present.

Introduction

Patient may present with signs and symptoms related to portal hypertension:
  • Abdominal wall collaterals
  • Ascites
  • Splenomegaly
  • Venous hum

Signs and Symptoms

Signs of Alcohol Abuse and Hepatic Injury

  • Malnutrition and muscle wasting
  • Cutaneous telangiectasia
  • Palmar erythema
  • Finger clubbing
  • Dupuytren’s contracture
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Parotid gland enlargement
  • Signs of gynecomastia and hypogonadism may also be present

Others

  • Hepatomegaly, which is the most common sign in patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD)
  • Patient may be asymptomatic
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Jaundice
  • Anorexia, weight loss
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
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Dr Joslyn Ngu, 12 Sep 2017
The MOH welcomes efforts by the Malaysian Liver Foundation (MLF), other professional bodies and pharmaceutical companies to work together to prevent hepatitis.