Acromegaly is a chronic, slowly developing disease with progressive disfigurement and disability. An early diagnosis is difficult as most signs and symptoms are due to long-standing overproduction of growth hormone &/or insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) causing metabolic, endocrine and morphological changes.
Surgical intervention is the first-line of treatment for almost all patients with acromegaly unless there are contraindications or the patient refuses to undergo the procedure.
Treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSAs) improves disease control in patients with acromegaly but reduces insulin levels, increases after-load glucose and increases glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels without affecting fasting plasma glucose (FPG), suggests a recent study.
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A lifestyle intervention programme aimed at reducing intake of fat and calories appears to be effective for preventing the development of diabetes in high-risk Asian Indians, according to data from the Diabetes Community Lifestyle Improvement Program (D-CLIP) trial.