Acromegaly is a chronic, slowly developing disease with progressive disfigurement and disability. An early diagnosis is difficult as most signs and symptoms are due to long-standing overproduction of growth hormone &/or insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) causing metabolic, endocrine and morphological changes.
Surgical intervention is the first-line of treatment for almost all patients with acromegaly unless there are contraindications or the patient refuses to undergo the procedure.
The risk of incident vertebral fractures (VFs) is lower among acromegaly patients with biochemically active disease treated with pasireotide LAR (Pasi) compared with those on pegvisomant (PegV), reports a recent study, which also confirms that the presence of pre-existent VFs is the main cause of incident VFs.
Combined treatment with pasireotide and pegvisomant has been shown to control disease in tumours with low somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtype 2 expression, resistant to conventional somatostatin analogues (SSAs; alone or combined with pegvisomant) and to new-generation SSAs alone (pasireotide), reports a recent study.
Treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSAs) improves disease control in patients with acromegaly but reduces insulin levels, increases after-load glucose and increases glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels without affecting fasting plasma glucose (FPG), suggests a recent study.
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Individuals who eat large amounts of vegetables and fruits, wheat, nuts, and dairy products are better protected against insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and excessive abdominal fat as compared with those who consume lots of fast foods, alcoholic beverages, and desserts—a dietary pattern described to promote metabolic abnormalities and disorders, as reported in a study.