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Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
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Taiwan’s smoke-free policy reduces secondhand smoke exposure in children

20 Dec 2016
'Ops Puntung' aims to curb smoking within city limits

The broadening of smoke-free laws in Taiwan in 2009 appears to have led to a substantial decline in the proportion of children exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home from 2005 to 2013, according to a recent study.

Data on 7,911 children aged 3 to 11 years were gathered from the 2005 (n=3,200), 2009 (n=2,657) and 2013 (2,054) National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) in Taiwan. Investigators compared the prevalence of children's SHS exposure at home before and after the implementation of the smoke-free legislation in 2009 with 2005 data as reference. Sociodemographic, health-related, diet and lifestyle information were obtained via interviews.

The NHIS assessed children's exposure to SHS at home using binary variables (1 for “yes” and 0 for “no”) to represent caregivers’ answers when asked questions. With 2005 as reference, adjusted odds ratios (AORs) were estimated for children's SHS exposure at home in 2009 and 2013 for the overall sample. Exposure was also assessed with respect to household socioeconomic status (SES) and household composition.

Prevalence decreased from 51 percent in 2005 to 32 and 28 percent in 2009 and 2013, respectively. Compared with 2005, children had lower odds of SHS exposure at home in 2009 and 2013 with respective AORs of 0.45 (95 percent CI, 0.41 to 0.51) and 0.41 (0.36 to 0.46). Reduced SHS exposure at home was noted overall after implementation of the legislation, irrespective of household SES and composition.

Other variables individually associated with increased SHS exposure in children included low household income, low parental education level, and living with grandparents or with other adults.
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Most Read Articles
2 days ago
Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
18 Sep 2017
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
3 days ago
Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 3 days ago
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) appears to be effective in Asians, with early weight loss correlating with midterm weight maintenance and remission of obesity-related comorbidities 1 year after the surgery, according to a study.