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Swallowing, airway abnormalities common in NNI children with DP

09 Aug 2017

Abnormalities in swallowing and airway function are common in non-neurologically impaired (NNI) paediatric patients with dysphagia (DP), a new study has shown.

Of the 128 NNI paediatric DP patients (median age 6.6 months; 54 percent male), 86 percent (n=110) underwent instrumental swallowing assessment before treatment. Abnormal swallows were observed for 64 percent (n=70).

Full airway endoscopy, performed in 72 patients, showed that laryngomalacia was observed in 29 patients, of whom 14 had type one while 15 had type 2. Type 1 laryngeal cleft was reported in 24 patients.

Gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed in 27 participants and revealed that there was one case of gastritis and four of oesophagitis according to microscopic examination.

Of the participants, 119 were recommended for further treatments which included surgery and modifications in feeding. Furthermore, 66 percent (n=85) of the patients modified the food and liquid consistency while 12 percent (n=15) were put on enteral feeding.

Surgery was performed on 36 percent (n=46) of patients. Of these, 19 patients received injection augmentations using hyaluronic acid-based products, 14 underwent endoscopic repair of the laryngeal cleft and 18 had supraglottoplasty.

After treatment, 79 percent (n=94) achieved symptom resolution and 7 percent (n=8) remained on alternate feeding routes.

Participants were recruited from the Aspiration Clinic at the Stollery Children’s Hospital in Canada. Those that were referred by speech and language pathologists or paediatric otolaryngologists were eligible. Only those without neurological abnormalities that may contribute to DP were included.

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Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 17 Oct 2017
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
2 days ago
Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.
3 days ago
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Tristan Manalac, 3 days ago
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.