Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

Yesterday
Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
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The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
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Social-cognitive factors tied to age-related decline in physical activity in children

16 Feb 2017

Naturally occurring changes in children’s perception of barriers to physical activity, social support and neighborhood environment may be associated with the age-related decline in physical activity during the transition from childhood to early adolescence, a new study reports.

For the study, 875 children in the 5th grade (52.6 percent female) across two school districts were recruited to identify what factors affect the decline in physical activity levels of children as they age. The sample was not random and approximately representative of the school populations in terms of ethnicities.

Participants were administered questionnaires and made to wear an Actigraph accelerometer for 7 consecutive days to determine relevant social-cognitive factors and levels of physical activity, respectively. Students were followed until the 7th grade.

On analysis, motives and beliefs were equivalent between males and females. After adjusting for gender and maturity, those who perceived parental support and those who reported having less trouble in overcoming barriers to physical activity showed less decline in physical activity. Similarly, those who reported feeling more support from friends and parents also showed less decline in physical activity compared with those who felt a large drop in support from friends.

Adjusting for race found that those with the most positive perceptions of their neighborhoods and those with the largest reductions in perceived barriers demonstrated less decline in physical activity.

Interestingly, changes in social motives and enjoyment of physical activity were not found to be related to the decline in physical activity.

The data show that a variety of personal and environmental factors, along with how the children perceive them, are associated with the age-related decline in physical activity. Thus, intervention strategies targeted towards these factors may help reduce such declines in physical activity.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

Yesterday
Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
18 Sep 2017
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
2 days ago
Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.