Most Read Articles
5 days ago
There appears to be an increased relative risk of small bowel adenocarcinomas in Crohn’s disease (CD) and of small bowel neuroendocrine tumours in both CD and ulcerative colitis, a study suggests.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 5 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

6 days ago
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
Yesterday
Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.

Rates of diabetic retinopathy, VTDR high among Indonesians with T2D

05 Jul 2017

Both diabetic retinopathy (DR) and vision-threatening DR (VTDR) are common in Indonesian adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a new population-based cross-sectional study reveals.

Specifically, around 25 percent of adults with diabetes had VTDR, while at least 4 percent of individuals with VTDR had bilateral blindness.

In a population of 1,184 Indonesian adults above (aged >30 years) with T2D, the prevalence of DR was 43.1 percent (95 percent CI, 39.6 to 46.6) while that of VTDR was 26.3 (23.1 to 29.5) percent.

Compared to those in rural areas, the prevalence of DR (46.2 vs 36.6 percent) and VTDR (29.6 vs 19.5 percent) were significantly higher in adults in urban areas (p<0.001 for both). In contrast, there was no difference in DR prevalence between males and females (40.3 vs 44.3 percent, respectively).

After controlling for confounders, a long duration of diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.61; 95 percent CI, 1.24 to 5.51; p for trend<0.001), hypertension (OR, 1.52; 1.19 to 1.93; p<0.001) and a history of foot ulcers (OR, 2.00; 1.42 to 2.82; p=0.007) were all significantly associated with DR.

Similarly, a long diabetes duration (OR, 3.24; 1.53 to 6.83; p for trend<0.001), hypertension (OR, 1.72; 1.29 to 2.27; p=0.028) and a history of foot ulcers (OR, 3.23; 2.24 to 4.68; p<0.001) were also associated with the risk of VTDR after controlling for confounders.

Among patient with DR and VTDR, 4.7 and 6.9 percent, respectively, had bilateral severe visual impairment. After controlling for cataract cases, the prevalence rates of bilateral blindness in the DR and VTDR patients were 2.34 and 4.4 percent, respectively.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
5 days ago
There appears to be an increased relative risk of small bowel adenocarcinomas in Crohn’s disease (CD) and of small bowel neuroendocrine tumours in both CD and ulcerative colitis, a study suggests.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 5 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

6 days ago
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
Yesterday
Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.