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Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

Yesterday
Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
18 Sep 2017
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
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Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.

Novel MRI neuroimaging techniques enhance Alzheimer’s characterization

Jackey Suen
09 Dec 2015

Recent advances in MRI techniques allow faster and more accurate neuroimaging, which greatly facilitates the characterization of brain structure and function associated with normal ageing and Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

“Better characterization of AD is needed as nearly all [99.6 percent] clinical trials of AD therapies showed negative results,” said Professor Lawrence Frank of the University of California, San Diego, CA, USRecent advances in MRI techniques allow faster and more accurate neuroimaging, which greatly facilitates the characterization of brain structure and function associated with normal ageing and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). “Better characterization of AD is needed as nearly all [99.6 percent] clinical trials of AD therapies showed negative results,” said Professor Lawrence Frank of the University of California, San Diego, CA, US, at the International Symposium on Cognitive and Developmental Neuroscience: From Molecular to Behaviour organized by the Brain and Mind Institute, Chinese University of Hong Kong. [Alzheimers Res Ther 2014;6:37]

Frank and his team recently developed two novel MRI approaches to enhance the imaging of brain morphology, neural connectivity and functional connectivity, which can potentially improve the characterization of changes in brain structure and function in patients with AD.

“The current method used in brain shape imaging involves data collection, surface definition, segmentation of data, surface fitting and inflation to fit coefficient. The whole process is laborious, time-consuming and error-prone,” noted Frank. “Our novel method analyzes the entire data volume automatically, obviating the steps of segmentation, inflation and surface fitting. It significantly reduces computational time and errors while providing a more detailed quantitative description of the brain.” [Neuroimage 2014;92:156-168]

“We also introduced a new computational technique which allows more accurate and complete estimations for characterization of neural connections in the brain using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, as well as mapping of functional connectivity using functional MRI,” he added. [IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2015;34:1177-1193]

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue semaglutide to standard of care resulted in sustained reduction in weight and waist circumference in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with high cardiovascular risk, according to the phase III SUSTAIN 6* trial presented at EASD 2017.

Yesterday
Overall survival (OS) and head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific survival vary among HNC sites, according to a study. In particular, cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival in patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas alcohol consumption is a prognostic factor of both survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the larynx.
18 Sep 2017
The additional use of intermittent low-energy diet (LED) or daily meal replacements after a mean 10-percent weight loss and 1-year maintenance effectively maintains weight loss in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis for 3 years, according to a recent study.
2 days ago
Adiponectin, but not leptin, is significantly correlated with proteinuria and its severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis, reveals a new cross-sectional study.