Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 5 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.
15 Oct 2017
Second eye cataract surgery provides greater improvement in visual function and quality of life compared with first eye cataract surgery alone, a recent study claims.

Liver cirrhosis ups gallstone risk in Chinese patients with chronic HCV

29 Aug 2017
Those with a history of gallstone disease have a 23% increased risk for coronary heart disease.

Liver cirrhosis is significantly correlated with higher risk of gallstones in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a new retrospective case-control study has found.

The study included 133 (mean age 60.04 years) patients with chronic HCV and gallstones recruited from the Hospital of Jilin University in China. Those who were infected by HIV or HBV, had histories of cancer or had other liver diseases were excluded.

Liver cirrhosis was diagnosed based on liver biopsies or batteries of clinical, radiological and biochemical tests. The Child-Pugh score was used to determine cirrhosis severity. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine the association between liver cirrhosis and gallstones in chronic HCV.

Compared to chronic HCV patients without gallstone controls (n=431; mean age 59.06 years; 50.8 percent male), there were significantly more patients with liver cirrhosis in the gallstones group (24.4 vs 40.6 percent; p<0.001).

Additionally, significantly more chronic CHV patients with gallstones were aged >60 years compared with the no gallstones group (37.6 vs 47.4 percent; p=0.044).

Multivariable analysis showed that the presence of liver cirrhosis significantly elevated the risk of gallstones in chronic HCV (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.122; 95 percent CI, 1.408 to 3.198; p<0.001).

Moreover, the risk of gallstones was significantly higher in decompensated liver cirrhosis patients (Child Pugh class B and C) than in those with compensated liver cirrhosis (Child Pugh class A; aOR, 2.869; 1.277 to 6.450; p=0.011).

Liver cirrhosis patients aged >60 years also had higher risk of gallstones (aOR, 2.019; 1.017 to 4.009; p=0.045).

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Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 5 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.
15 Oct 2017
Second eye cataract surgery provides greater improvement in visual function and quality of life compared with first eye cataract surgery alone, a recent study claims.