Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Oct 2017

The prevalence of resistant hypertension may be lower than expected, particularly once pseudo-resistant hypertension due to treatment nonadherence is taken into account, according to a presentation at the recent APCH 2017.

Pank Jit Sin, 07 Jan 2015

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have been the main cause of death in the Malaysian population since 2007. This trend has continued, with the number of people dying from CVD-related causes increasing year on year. 

Tristan Manalac, 12 Oct 2017
Administration of a long-acting medication at the time that is most suitable for maximum patient compliance is the best approach in controlling blood pressure, said Dr. Trefor Morgan at the recently concluded 13th Asian-Pacific Congress of Hypertension (APCH 2017), held at the Suntec Singapore Convention and Exhibition Centre.
Elaine Soliven, 11 Oct 2017
Reducing daily salt intake is associated with improved blood pressure (BP) levels in patients with hypertension, according to a study presented at APCH 2017.

High intake of healthy plant foods may lower CHD risk

21 Jul 2017

High consumption of a plant-based diet index (PDI) that is rich in healthier plant foods may substantially reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), while a PDI that emphasizes less-healthy plant foods may increase the risk of CHD, reports a new study.

There were 8,631 incident CHD cases documented over 4,833,042 person-years of follow-up.

Pooled multivariable analysis revealed that higher adherence to PDI was independently inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio [HR] comparing extreme deciles, 0.92; 95 percent CI, 0.83 to 1.01; p=0.003 for trend). Such inverse relationship was more evident for healthful PDI (hPDI; HR, 0.75; 0.68 to 0.83; p<0.001 for trend).

On the other hand, there was a positive correlation between unhealthful PDI (uPDI) and CHD (HR, 1.32; 1.20 to 1.46; p<0.001 for trend).

In this study, researchers included 73,710 women in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS; 1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in the NHS2 (1991 to 2013) and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012) who were free of chronic disease at baseline to investigate the associations between PDI and CHD indices.

Researchers developed an overall PDI from repeated semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire data by assigning positive scores to plant foods and reverse scores to animal foods.

They also developed the hPDI, in which healthy plant foods (whole grains, fruits/vegetables, nuts/legumes, oils, tea/coffee) received positive scores while less-healthy plant foods (juices/sweetened beverages, refined grains, potatoes/fries, sweets) and animal foods received reverse scores.

To develop the uPDI, positive scores were given to less-healthy plant foods and reverse scores to animal and healthy plant foods.

“Plant-based diets are recommended for CHD prevention,” researchers said. “However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health.”

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Oct 2017

The prevalence of resistant hypertension may be lower than expected, particularly once pseudo-resistant hypertension due to treatment nonadherence is taken into account, according to a presentation at the recent APCH 2017.

Pank Jit Sin, 07 Jan 2015

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have been the main cause of death in the Malaysian population since 2007. This trend has continued, with the number of people dying from CVD-related causes increasing year on year. 

Tristan Manalac, 12 Oct 2017
Administration of a long-acting medication at the time that is most suitable for maximum patient compliance is the best approach in controlling blood pressure, said Dr. Trefor Morgan at the recently concluded 13th Asian-Pacific Congress of Hypertension (APCH 2017), held at the Suntec Singapore Convention and Exhibition Centre.
Elaine Soliven, 11 Oct 2017
Reducing daily salt intake is associated with improved blood pressure (BP) levels in patients with hypertension, according to a study presented at APCH 2017.