Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 4 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Pearl Toh, 13 Oct 2017
Women with higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were less likely to have poor sleep quality during pregnancy, especially among those with anxiety symptoms, according to the GUSTO* study.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.

Chili intake inversely associated with overweight, obesity risk

04 Aug 2017

Individuals who consume high levels of chili have low odds of becoming overweight or obese, according to a study in a Chinese population.

The study followed 12,970 adults aged 20 to 75 years between 1991 and 2011 (median follow-up, 9 years). Dietary data were obtained during home visits using a 3-day food record in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011. Cox regression facilitated analysis of chili intake in relation with the risk of overweight/obesity (defined as body mass index ≥25 kg m−2).

During 126,884 person-years of follow-up, 3,203 individuals developed overweight/obesity. When analysis was stratified by intake of chili, the absolute incidence rate of overweight/obesity per 1,000 person-years was 26.4 among those who were nonconsumers, 22.3 among those with intake of 1 to 20 g/day, 24.4 among those with intake of 20.1 to 50 g/day, and 20.5 among those with intake of ≥50.1 g/day.

The respective hazard ratios for overweight/obesity in groups with cumulative average chili intake of 0, 1 to 20, 20.1 to 50 and ≥50.1 g/day were 1.00, 0.81 (95 percent CI, 0.73 to 0.89), 0.77 (0.69 to 0.86) and 0.73 (0.63 to 0.84; all, p<0.001 for trend).

No association was observed between chilli intake and gender, income, education and residence (urban/rural) in relation to the risk of overweight/obesity.

One of the most commonly used spices worldwide, chili contains capsaicin, which has been shown to have several benefits, including reducing mortality, obesity and rhinitis. The active component is also said to increase muscle strength. [BMJ 2015;351:h3942; Int J Obes 2016;40:1198-204; Allergy Asthma Rep 2016;16:1-5; J Nutr Health Aging 2016;20:546-552]

A potential mechanism underlying the protective association between chili intake and overweight/obesity is the increased energy expenditure associated with capsaicin, researchers said.

Given the present data and that majority of the population already eat chili, “encouraging more regular and higher chilli consumption may provide a low cost and simple strategy to reduce the incidence of overweight and obesity,” they added.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 4 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Pearl Toh, 13 Oct 2017
Women with higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were less likely to have poor sleep quality during pregnancy, especially among those with anxiety symptoms, according to the GUSTO* study.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.