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Cardiovascular morbidities common in Myanmar

19 Aug 2017
Adverse psychological effects caused by beta blockers add on to the depression experienced by many following cardiac surgery.

Cardiovascular morbidities, particularly angina, possible heart attack, heart failure and stroke, are highly prevalent in Myanmar, a new study has shown.

Surveys about cardiovascular diseases were administered to 600 adults above the age of 40 years from four towns in Myanmar. Data completeness and consistency were verified after the interviews. Questions were based on the Rose Angina Questionnaire and the EUROCISS Research Group. Individuals who were institutionalized and who were in poor health were excluded.

Any angina pectoris event was observed in 9.0 percent (n=387) of participants in the 40 to 59 age group and in 8.5 percent (n=213) in the >60 years age group. The overall prevalence of angina pectoris was 8.8 percent (n=600).

Notably, the prevalence in females (10 percent; n=428) was almost twice as high as in males (5.80 percent; n=172).

Possible myocardial infarction had a prevalence of 8.7 percent (n=600) and was also more common in females (9.8 percent; n=428) than in males (5.8 percent; n=172). Stroke, on the other hand, was more common in males (8.2 percent; n=172) than in females (6.1 percent; n=428) of all ages. The overall stroke prevalence in the study sample was 6.7 percent (n=600).

The overall prevalence of heart failure was 6.5 percent (n=600). Across all age groups, heart failure was more common in females (7.0 percent; n=428) than in males (5.2 percent; n=172).

The findings revealed a high prevalence of cardiovascular morbidities across four towns in Myanmar and highlight the importance of community-based preventions and facility-based care, according to the researchers. 
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Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 4 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Pearl Toh, 13 Oct 2017
Women with higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were less likely to have poor sleep quality during pregnancy, especially among those with anxiety symptoms, according to the GUSTO* study.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
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