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Age predicts moderate anxiety, depression in pregnant women

03 Sep 2017
Suicidal thoughts and preoccupation with death in the elderly may be due to underlying causes like depression or dementia and should raise some flags

Moderate anxiety and depression (A&D) are common among pregnant women and are linked to age, reports a new study from Pakistan.

An Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), a 14-item questionnaire that generates depression and anxiety scores, was administered to 752 pregnant women from several gynaecology outpatient departments. Those on antidepressants or with previous histories of A&D were excluded.

Other relevant information, such as sociodemographic and economic factors, were also collected by way of structured questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of A&D, while the Chi Square test was performed to identify correlations among the factors.

Of the participants, 65.2 percent (n=490) reported feeling tense from time to time. Age (p<0.001) and number of children (p<0.0011) were significantly associated with the said response and moderately positively correlated with each other.

Similarly, age (p=0.006), number of children (p<0.001) and monthly income (p=0.001) were significantly associated with cheerfulness during pregnancy. Majority (52.0 percent; n=391) of the respondents gave a “not often” response to feeling cheerful during pregnancy.

Age (p=0.007) and monthly income (p=0.001) were slightly positively associated with sudden panic during pregnancy, while age (p=0.003), education (p<0.001) and monthly income (p=0.004) were significantly linked to being able to enjoy a good book or television programme during pregnancy.

After dichotomizing the HADS scores to show those with and without stress/anxiety, logistic regression showed that age was a significant predictor of A&D (adjusted odds ratio, 1.23; 95 percent CI, 1.13 to 1.62; p<0.001).

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

Treatment failure in osteoporosis remains a problem, even among patients who are treatment-adherent, according to a presentation at the recent meeting of the Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS 2017), held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 

Elvira Manzano, 5 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
2 days ago
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Pearl Toh, 13 Oct 2017
Women with higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were less likely to have poor sleep quality during pregnancy, especially among those with anxiety symptoms, according to the GUSTO* study.