Early mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a LUCAS 2 device administered by emergency ambulance crew in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resulted in improved survival compared with manual CPR, results from the MECCA* study showed.
One-third of dementia cases globally can be prevented by addressing nine lifestyle factors at different stages of life, beginning from better education during childhood, according to a report from The Lancet Commission on Dementia Prevention, Intervention, and Care.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 1 - 15 August 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
There is, on average, an improvement in dyspnoea, walking distance and quality of life (QoL) during the year after a first episode of pulmonary embolism, particularly during the first 3 months, according to a recent study. However, there are also several clinical and physiological predictors of attenuated improvement over time, such as female sex, higher body mass index (BMI) and exercise limitation on 1-month cardiopulmonary exercise test.
A recently developed technology for analysing lung sound (ic700) may be able to assess efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid therapy and predict asthma attacks in children, as demonstrated by a study from Japan.
Elderly individuals residing in nursing homes had a lower risk of respiratory-related hospital admissions during the influenza season after receiving a high-dose influenza vaccine compared with a standard-dose vaccine, a recent study found.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a noninvasive ventilation, may help improve respiratory rate and reduce mortality in children with respiratory distress, particularly in those younger than 1 year, a recent study showed. CPAP intervention was initiated by nurses with minimal physician supervision in the study, supporting the use of noninvasive ventilation in low-resource settings where laboratory diagnostic tests are not readily available.
Patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) have comparable overall survival (OS) regardless of whether they receive a once-daily or twice-daily concurrent chemoradiotherapy regimen, demonstrated results of the CONVERT* trial.
Distant metastasis, regional lymph node metastasis, no chemotherapy and invasion of adjacent organs are all independent predictors of high disease-specific mortality (DSM) in signet ring cell carcinoma of the oesophagus (SRCCE), a new study has found.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients have more severe illness and a higher mortality rate than non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) patients, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society (ATS) International Conference 2016 held in San Francisco, California, US.
Benralizumab reduced asthma exacerbations and improved lung function in patients with severe, eosinophilic asthma, according to results of the SIROCCO* and CALIMA** trials which were presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2016 held in London, UK.
There appears to be no evidence supporting associations between physical activity and asthma control level, spirometric measurements and quality of life in children and adolescents with asthma, according to a study from Brazil.