A psychosocial intervention called the Treatment Initiation and Participation Program (TIP) appeared to improve adherence to depression treatment in primary care, according to a two-site study in the US. Moreover, treatment adherence was associated with an improvement in depression symptoms.
Early response to haloperidol appears to be prognostic of symptom improvement throughout multiple years of antipsychotic treatment, a study has found. On the other hand, early response with olanzapine is not predictive of symptom improvement in the long term.
Chronic pain, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and depression may have shared genetic or familial links, as suggested by an increased co-occurrence in both general population-based and twins cohort, a recent study shows.
A single inflammatory marker such as C-reactive protein (CRP) appears insufficient for detecting treatment-resistant schizophrenia in patients diagnosed with the mental disorder for the first time, a study has found.
Physiotherapy and behaviour therapy appear to be effective interventions in females with overactive bladder syndrome, with those who have had no previous exposure to the treatments benefitting from post-therapy effects, a recent study has shown.
Naturalistic use of psychedelic drugs among marginalized women who are street-involved is independently related to reduced suicidality, whereas crystal methamphetamine use and childhood trauma signal a high risk of attempting suicide in this population, according to a study from Canada.
Electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) appears to be an effective behavioural therapy for improving dyssynergic defecation in chronically constipated community-dwelling elderly women, according to a recent study.
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
In pregnant women, adherence to recommended dietary intake of fat and fibre is associated with a more beneficial and richer gut microbiota which, in turn, decreases levels of the inflammation marker glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA), a study has shown.