Infants born to mothers who smoke while pregnant are at an increased risk of developing bone fractures at preschool age, with maternal smoking having a potential negative effect on the bone development of the foetus, a study suggests.
Advances in antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal care lead to increased survival of preterm infants. As survival rates continued to increase, so did the angst of “intact survival,” or survival without disabilities. A recent meta-analysis revealed that at school-age, cognitive scores of former very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are approximately 10 points lower than those of matched control children1 due to difficulties with attention, behaviour, visual-motor integration, and language performance.2-3
Maternal depression and insensitive parenting were independently associated with infant right frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry, which has been linked to negative emotion and behavioural difficulties, among infants who spent a substantial amount of time with their mothers, according to data from the GUSTO* longitudinal birth cohort.
Low levels of vitamin D due to genetic polymorphism is not associated with increased risks of immune-mediated diseases such as asthma and atopic dermatitis, nor is it linked to increased total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE), in contrast to previous observations from epidemiological studies.
Socioeconomic conditions may play a role in influencing gene variant dopamine receptor 4 (DRD4) repeat 7 to cause obesity in young girls, say Canadian researchers. Thus, preventing childhood obesity may require a customized approach.