The risk of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization (RSVH) and respiratory-related illness hospitalization (RIH) does not significantly differ between the first and second year of life in paediatric patients with haemodynamically significant congenital heart disease (HSCHD), a new study shows.
Young children may learn deception for their benefit within 10 days, a new study shows. Moreover, the children’s capacities for hiding truthful information and for representing mental life determine the rate at which they learn deception.
Administering trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) during pregnancy appears to reduce all-cause acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) hospitalization among neonates during the first 3 months of life, suggesting that the vaccine has a potentially protective effect on subsequent bacterial infections that influenza may predispose infants to.
Bladder function does not appear to differ between children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving endoscopic treatment and those taking prophylactic antibiotics, according to a study. Regardless of treatment, children with VUR resolution show both a decrease in bladder capacity and an increase in postvoid residual, with high PVR at baseline a predictor of both nonresolution of high-grade VUR and recurrent urinary infection.
Propranolol is safe and well-tolerated in infants with infantile haemangioma who are at high risk of morbidity, with a recent study showing that the drug does not have a dramatic and persistent effect on haemodynamics.
Frequent intake of sweetened, artificially flavoured milk-based drinks may result in higher percentage of fibroglandular volume (%FGV), while higher consumption of yogurt is related to a lower FGV and delayed age at menarche, according to a study.
Infants born to mothers who smoke while pregnant are at an increased risk of developing bone fractures at preschool age, with maternal smoking having a potential negative effect on the bone development of the foetus, a study suggests.
Contrary to popular belief, a research paper claims that video games improve the mental state, cognitive function and social skills of young children. This research involved 3,195 children from six European Union countries.
Hydroxycarbamide can be used as an alternative to regular blood transfusions in preserving transcranial doppler (TCD) flow velocities among children with sickle cell anaemia, as stated in the TWiTCH study.