Diabetes causes blindness. We have heard or seen this many times. It seems like everyone (doctors, nurses, pharmacists and patients) knows that diabetes causes blindness. Then why is it that there are so many diabetics still going blind? Knowing and not doing anything to prevent blindness is akin to not knowing at all. Pharmacists need to play their role in preventing their diabetic patients from going blind.
Pharmacists encounter pink eye or conjunctivitis frequently at their workplace. Among the various causes, bacterial conjunctivitis is the commonest cause of this condition. Read on to find out about tips to manage bacterial conjunctivitis and how pharmaceutical manufacturing process influences the quality and efficacy of some of the products used.
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the most common cause of irreversible loss of central vision in people beyond the age of 50 in the developed world. [BMJ 2003;326(7387):485-8] Asian studies show that its prevalence in Asians is largely similar. [Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2007;48:1007-11, Ophthalmology 2010;117(5):921-7]
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
In pregnant women, adherence to recommended dietary intake of fat and fibre is associated with a more beneficial and richer gut microbiota which, in turn, decreases levels of the inflammation marker glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA), a study has shown.