In Asian patients taking hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) medications, there appears to be a pericentral distribution of retinopathy identified using wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) but not with standard OCT protocols, according to a study.
Treatment with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept (IVZ) injections improves central macular thickness (CMT) in patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with causes other than age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a recent study has found. However, improvements in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) are modest.
Progressive thinning of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) in the superior quadrant is apparent in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), a new prospective longitudinal study has found. This thinning is more pronounced in older individuals.
The use of topical 0.55% cysteamine eye drops appears to have limited effects in reducing the corneal cystine deposits in patients with severe forms of nephropathic cystinosis, according to a recent study.
Use of laser in addition to ranibizumab in the treatment of patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) does not result in better functional outcomes or lower treatment need, according to the results of the BRIGHTER study.
Bariatric surgery does not appear to help thwart the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR), with young male patients having pre-existing DR and poor preoperative glycaemic control being at greatest risk of progression, a study has found.
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
In pregnant women, adherence to recommended dietary intake of fat and fibre is associated with a more beneficial and richer gut microbiota which, in turn, decreases levels of the inflammation marker glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA), a study has shown.