A 55-year-old man presented with almost one year history of heat intolerance, mild palpitation and significant weight loss. Free T3 and T4 were elevated with normal TSH. Patient had suboptimal response to carbimazole therapy.
A 73-year-old man presented with 1 week’s history of progressive epigastric pain. The pain was dull in nature and the patient reported no vomiting or radiation of pain. On presentation, the patient was found to have a low-grade fever (temperature, 37.8°C). There was no tea-coloured urine. The patient had enjoyed good past health except for a previous surgery for spinal injury.
Krukenberg tumour is a metastatic signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary. This tumour is uncommon, accounting for 1–2% of all ovarian tumours. The stomach is the primary site in most Krukenberg tumour cases (70%), and the prognosis is generally poor. We report a case of a pregnant lady who was incidentally found to have a large ovarian mass during caesarean section which was later confirmed to be a Krukenberg tumour.
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Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
In pregnant women, adherence to recommended dietary intake of fat and fibre is associated with a more beneficial and richer gut microbiota which, in turn, decreases levels of the inflammation marker glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA), a study has shown.