Women with higher age at breast cancer diagnosis and Indian women are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality after diagnosis, a new prospective cohort study shows. However, risk of CVD mortality within 10 years after diagnosis remains low in Southeast Asia.
Maternal depression and insensitive parenting were independently associated with infant right frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry, which has been linked to negative emotion and behavioural difficulties, among infants who spent a substantial amount of time with their mothers, according to data from the GUSTO* longitudinal birth cohort.
Women given tranexamic acid within three hours of giving birth appear to have a reduced risk of death due to postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), according to findings of the large, multinational WOMAN* trial.
Women who liberally engage in activities such as heavy lifting, aerobics, running, and sit-ups once they feel capable of doing so may have improved pelvic floor outcomes compared with those who avoid such activities for 3 months after prolapse surgery, according to US-based researchers.
Obstetricians’ evaluation of risk may be altered by catastrophic neonatal outcomes, according to a recent study, which showed a transient increase in rates of unscheduled caesarean deliveries following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy events resulting from obstetric mismanagement.
Specific miRNA expression profiles have been identified that may enable noninvasive, early prediction of spontaneous preterm birth. If confirmed, such biomarkers could improve infant outcomes by facilitating the identification of women who may benefit from novel and existing therapies aimed at preventing such events.
First-trimester exposure to antidepressants was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, but not with small for gestational age, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism spectrum disorder compared with no exposure, according to a Swedish study.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 1 - 15 May 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Over the past few decades, there has been widespread concern about the increasing proportion of births born by caesarean delivery. The rising rate of primary caesarean section has led to the increased number of obstetric population with a history of prior caesarean delivery. Although this group of women may be offered planned vaginal birth after previous caesarean section (VBAC) or elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS), the VBAC rate is generally low particularly in well-developed countries. In the United States, the VBAC rate has decreased to 8.5% by 2006, while the total caesarean rate has increased to 31.1%.1
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors are commonly used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the effects of these agents on pregnancy outcomes remain unclear. Now, a systematic review of the English literature has indicated that they pose little risk to the mother or her infant, even if use is continued through the third trimester.