White matter (WM) integrity in HIV-infected children is compromised despite early antiretroviral therapy (ART) and viral load (VL) suppression, with damage persisting at 5 years of age and evidence of new damage present, a recent study has shown.
Increasing evidence points to a link between hypertension and cognitive decline, particularly in the elderly population, according to a presentation at APCH 2017. However, the impact of antihypertensive medication use on dementia incidence is unestablished.
There are readily identified clinical features and investigations that correlate with reduced probability of good outcome in epilepsy surgery, according to a study, adding that such factors need consideration when planning presurgical evaluation.
Chronic pain, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and depression may have shared genetic or familial links, as suggested by an increased co-occurrence in both general population-based and twins cohort, a recent study shows.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 1 - 15 October 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Higher circulating levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) appear to be protective against incident atherothrombotic and cardioembolic strokes, respectively, according to a recent study.
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
In pregnant women, adherence to recommended dietary intake of fat and fibre is associated with a more beneficial and richer gut microbiota which, in turn, decreases levels of the inflammation marker glycoprotein acetylation (GlycA), a study has shown.