There is a modest association between total brain white matter burden, as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new meta-analysis.
A history of migraine headache is a predictor of increased risk of future cardiovascular (CV) events (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, heart failure or stroke) on long-term follow-up among women being evaluated for ischaemic heart disease, according to a study. Moreover, this risk is mainly driven by a more than twofold rise in stroke risk.
Long-term use of metformin does not negatively impact cognitive performance, according to a new study, giving clinicians and their patients evidence-based reassurance regarding metformin use as a diabetes prevention pill.
Hearing loss is associated with an increased prevalence of dementia, according to a Singapore population-based study. Cognitively normal individuals with hearing loss have a twofold risk of developing neurocognitive disorders (mild cognitive impairment [MCI] or dementia).
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) may protect the elderly from dementia, a retrospective analysis has shown. [J Hypertens 2017, doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001411]
Serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytokine levels in HIV patients with cryptococcal meningitis(CM) infection are different and change during antiretroviral (ART) and antifungal therapy, a new study reports.
The novel VMAT2* inhibitor valbenazine (NBI-98854) significantly improved tardive dyskinesia in individuals with schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, or mood disorder, and was generally well tolerated with maintenance of psychiatric stability, according to the KINECT 3** study.
Maternal depression and insensitive parenting were independently associated with infant right frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry, which has been linked to negative emotion and behavioural difficulties, among infants who spent a substantial amount of time with their mothers, according to data from the GUSTO* longitudinal birth cohort.
Patients taking aspirin for <3 months may have an increased risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, according to a meta-analysis, although the studies included showed a substantial level of heterogeneity.
Clinicians often face the dilemma of overinvestigating headaches caused by benign ailments and overlooking headaches that are manifestations of serious underlying conditions, despite advances in diagnostic techniques.
The overall diagnostic value of neurological tests for detecting disc herniation with suspected radiculopathy is limited and is characterized by poor accuracy, moderate specificity and low sensitivity, reports a new meta-analysis.