Intravenous terlipressin infusion appears to be the most effective medical therapy for reversing hepatorenal syndrome, while intravenous noradrenaline infusion is an acceptable alternative, according to a study.
Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.
In foetuses exposed to the anti-Ro/SSA antibody, the rate of recurrence of conduction disturbances is higher than what was previously reported, according to a recent study. Moreover, the season of the year appears to be linked to atrioventricular (AV) time intervals during the congenital heart block risk period in such foetuses.
Pregnant women are more likely to stop using addictive drugs, with multiple analyses indicating that this association is largely causal, according to a study, further suggesting that pregnancy is a strong intrinsic motivator for drug abuse cessation. Furthermore, similar strong protective effects tend to persist in the immediate postpartum period.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of incident myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study from Korea. Moreover, the risk of AF-associated MI appears to be higher in patients without dyslipidaemia, ischaemic stroke, diabetes and hypertension.
Use of clarithromycin in the outpatient setting appears to be associated with long-term increases in mortality, a retrospective study has found. Additionally, erythromycin yields a similar, albeit smaller, increase in the said risk.
Bisphosphonate is one of the first-line therapy for treating osteoporosis, but its long-term use should take into account the balance between its antifracture benefit and risk of adverse events such as atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), according to a presentation at the AFOS 2017 Meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
An association exists between proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9)-low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) axis and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF), according to a recent study.
Treatment failure in osteoporosis remains a problem, even among patients who are treatment-adherent, according to a presentation at the recent meeting of the Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS 2017), held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.